The Islamic University of Science and Technology (IUST), Awantipora has postponed all the exams scheduled for tomorrow, an official of the university said.
He said that the new dates for the deferred exams shall be notified separately.
Further, class work shall also remain suspended, he added.
Ghulam Ahmad Mahjoor (d. 1952) the most beloved poet of Kashmir was born in 1888 ( but some give the date as 1885 ) at village Metragam, Pulawama. Born Ghulam Ahmad, he took the pen name of 'Mahjoor' and became popular in Kashmir by this very name. At the height of his renown, he was called "the Wordsworth of Kashmiri poetry" by great Rabindranath Tagore.
After passing the middle school examination from Nusrat-ul-Islam School, Srinagar, he went to Punjab where he came in contact with urdu poets like Bismil Amritsari and Moulana Shibi Nomani. He returned to Srinagar in 1908 and started writing in Persian and then in Urdu. However, it was in Kashmiri language that his poetry truly excelled.
He is widely revered in Kashmir for being the person who solely revived the Kashmiri languages from the regress of lost literary circles and brought it to the seeking common masses. It was largely due to the success of Mahjoor with Kashmiri language that his contemporaries also gave up writing in Urdu and Persian, and started writing in Kashmiri.
Mahjoor had his first Kashmiri poem 'Vanta hay vesy' published in 1918. In his earlier days, Mahjoor used to write only love poems (mastering at this, as his love songs or lyrics are still sung and remain very popular) but these songs were not the love songs of the rich or of tavern, songs like 'Vanta hay vesy' were love songs of simple folk like - in this particular case - a country lass.
These love songs had the melody of the earlier lol lyrics of sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but their rhythm and singing quality seems inspired by the popular Hindustani geet and song of early decades that came to Kashmir through the Punjab.
The turbulent Kashmir of 1931 did not leave him untouched and the poet in him was now stirring with patriotic fervor.
Mahjoor is also treated as a revolutionary poet. His entire poetry is divided into three parts: kala:m-i-Mahjoor, paya:m-i-Mahjoor, and sala:m-i-Mahjoor. He was a patriotic poet and was moved by the suffering of the people under the alien rule. He awakened the common masses towards the need of protecting their homeland from invaders and alien rulers.
He sang about beauty and charm of the valley. Mahjoor has made a significant contribution to genres of gazal and nazm. He retrieved the language itself from the old Personalized styles of poetry and brought it close to the speech of its native speakers.
Mahjoor was a nationalist at heart, and this can be fathomed from some of his poems. Because of his vocation as a Patwari, Mahjoor understood the feudal system well enough to know how rich landlords were exploiting the poor landless people. He wanted a new identity for them, an identity that he combined with Kashmiri nationalism. It was for these people that Mahjoor became a voice in turbulent times, a voice clear and loud. It was for the Freedom of these dejected people that Mahjoor wrote poems, poems that became songs etched in the Kashmiri minds.
Let us all offer thanksgiving,
For Freedom has come to us;
It's after ages that she has beamed
Her radiance on us.
In western climes Freedom comes
With a shower of light and grace,
But dry, sterile thunder is all
She has for our own soil.
Poverty and starvation,
Repression and lawlessness, -
It's with these happy blessings
That she has come to us.
Freedom, being of heavenly birth,
Can't move from door to door;
You'll find her camping in the homes
Of a chosen few alone.
She says she will not tolerate
Any wealth in private hands;
That's why they are wringing capital
Out of the hands of everyone.
There's mourning in every house
But in sequestered bowers
Our rulers, like bridegrooms,
Are in Alliance win Freedom.
Nabir Sheikh knows what Freedom means,
For his wife was whisked away.
He went on complaining until
She bore Freedom in a new home !
They searched her armpits seven times
To see if she was hiding rice;
In a basket covered with a shawl
The peasant's wife brought Freedom home.
There's restlessness in every heart,
But no one dare speak out -
Afraid that with their free expression
Freedom may be annoyed.
Unlike many other famous poets of Kashmir, Mahjoor was not a mystic and yet his words now sound prophetic:
If thou wouldst rouse this habitat of roses,
Leave toying with kettle-drums.
Let there be thunder-storm and tempest, aye an earthquake.
These lines are from his famous poem Arise O Gardener. In this particular poem, the poet urges his countrymen, whom he compares to Gardeners looking after the beautiful garden Kashmir, to attain freedom through thunderstorm, tempest and earthquake. The state force arrested Mahjoor for writing these lines, but was soon releases. These lines became so popular that the National Conference adopted it as a national anthem. It is ironic to note here that to a Garden all of the three – thunderstorm, tempest and earthquake, are actually quite damning.
(The Author is an Assistant Professor at GDC for Women in Islamabad (Anantnag))
The Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education has released the Class 10 board exam date sheet on the official website, the link for which is jkbose.co.in.
|Date of the Exam||Day of the Exam||Name of the Exam|
|July 06, 2017||Thursday||English|
|July 08, 2017||Saturday||Additional/Optional|
|July 10, 2017||Monday||science/Home science|
|July 12, 2017||Wednesday||Social Science|
|July 15, 2017||Saturday||Mathematics/Music|
|July 18, 2017||Tuesday||Hindi, Urdu|
According to the Additional Commissioner, Kashmir, in case of restrictions in view of the prevailing law and order situation, the admit cards of the candidates appearing for the Union Public Service Commission examination scheduled on June 18, 2017, at different centers across the Kashmir Valley shall be treated as curfew passes on the day.
"A book for every common Kashmiri to get acquainted with the historical background of Kashmir Issue—reviews Prof. A.G. Mir
Writing about Kashmir comes quite easily to Rao Farman Ali. The present book: History of Armed Struggles in Kashmir is fourth one in succession on Kashmir by Mr. Farman, the other three being 1) Jammu Kashmir: Resolution Through Reconciliation for Peace and Dignity(2010); 2) Kashmir Under the Shadow of Gun(2012) and; 3) Kashmir: Orphans, Nurture and Challenges (2016).Born and bred as a child of the epoch of crises, the writer in Mr. Farman has received a ticklish jolt to respond spontaneously to the eventful happenings all around. As the proverb goes: What’s bred in the bone will come out in the flesh, Rao Farman’s dedicatory notes to all his books signify unequivocally his deep humanitarian concerns for the silent sufferers of the ongoing conflict—no matter, whether it is his uncle Shaheed Muhammad Maqbool Malik, or Advocate Jalil Andrabi or Hirdai Nath Wanchoo or even the women, children and youth—worst casualties of the Jammu and Kashmir State. It is with this mindset that Mr. Farman is ever seen moving about restlessly from forum to forum attending conferences and seminars, writing in social media, presenting papers and writing books and so on. He has now attained more than one dozen years of experience in Social Entrepreneurship. He has scores of local, national and international presentations of papers to his credit. He has some studies on Education, Child Protection, Child Labour and Conflict Resolution also to his creditable literary possessions. Peace, Strategic Studies and Journalism and Applied Psychology are his other areas of preference.
The book under review i.e. History of Armed Struggles in Kashmir, comprises six chapters in addition to a preface and seven Appendices. It contains all other essential items like: Acknowledgements, List of Abbreviations, Footnotes, Detailed Notes, Bibliography and Index. The printing of the Book with its size, font, standard and cover design are on the internationally accepted pattern. The Publisher: Jay Kay Books, Kashmir is very famous and has a history of publishing Heritage Books on Kashmir. Thus, the printing of the book is fine and up to the mark.
Chapter 1 of the book gives a detailed historical, geographical and topographical account of the Jammu and Kashmir State. The total description of the facts and figures given here is, more or less, a replica of what we find in his earlier publications especially Jammu Kashmir: Resolution Through Reconciliation…….It is a repetition but the repetition has a certain relevance because the title of the book warrants so. The problem as it exists in the State at present owes its origin to its physical and the physiographical locations especially in the vicinity of the countries and regions that surround it. Situated between 320 —15` to 370 —05` Latitude East and 720 —35`to 800 —20` Longitude North, the Jammu and Kashmir princely State of 1947 is bounded by China in the North and the East, Afghanistan in the North-West , Pakistan in the West and India in the South. The State has thus been a target of attention for all these countries. It is mainly for three reasons: 1) For its captivating scenic beauty, lush green pastures, precipitous gleaming and snow-covered mountain peaks, the perennial murmuring rivers and rivulets, vast lakes, trees and herbs of rare quality, pines and deodars, typical and atypical species of animals, apples, apricots, pears, walnuts and cherries of world standard, Shahtosh and Pashmina, tourist resorts, glaciers, historical gardens, Dal Lake, Wular Lake, Tulip garden, Patni Top, mountain ranges and passes for trekking and winter games and so on; 2) For its Strategic and geographical importance and 3) For its having been trade route connecting various regions of the world. This State has a continuous recorded history that dates back to 4000 B.C. “Twenty one dynasties of Hindus, Buddhists, Kushans, Huns, Hans, Shahmeers, Chaks[Sultanates], Mughals, Pathans, Sikhs and Dogras have ruled it till 1947 A.D”. It is pertinent to mention here that this State has been a famous Centre of Sanskrit and Buddhist scholarship. It is recorded to have produced many a person of great eminence in scholarship and literature. For this reason also Kashmir has been often visited by many people from countries abroad.
One important thing to note about this State is that it has existed as an Independent State for long, long time and it has been ruled by a long line of kings of the dynasties (both alien and native) mentioned above. It lost its statehood during Mughal rule and since then the State saw the Sikhs , the Afghans, the English(indirectly) and the Dogras as her rulers. One thing which is common with all these periods of “exotic” rule is that this nation has experienced gruesome tyranny and ruthless administrative dispensations ever and always. During these protracted and long-drawn out periods of atrocious treatment Kashmiris have definitely at times, given tough resistance but their toleration of the sufferings and miseries has been a greater measure than their moments of resistance . The nation has been taken as a gift item, a commodity to be gifted or sold by someone to some another one for insignificant and paltry dividends.
In the vicinity of the Jammu and Kashmir State, the entire sub- continent after having fought one hundred year war of independence, has tasted the fruit of freedom but, as ill luck would have it, the Jammu and Kashmir State has in the wake of this momentous changeful period obtained nothing but a worser state of affairs than it was in up to 1947. Out of 565 princely states, it is the only state that has fragmented into parts and every part is under the occupation of different Dominions, though the war of Independence of this State also was going on side by side with the sub-continent’s independence struggle. Families are divided; cultural groups are separated, Ladhakis don’t know Baltis, Valleyites don’t know people of Shakshum valley; people of Jammu are unfamiliar with the population of Muzaffarabad and Baltistan, though all of them were and are in the real sense citizens of the same state. What a tragedy? Total state of Jammu and Kashmir “ gives a description of the two sides of LoC—the Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir having an area of 95561.48 Sq. Kms(though India claims 101000 Kms) and the Pakistan administered Kashmir having an area of 82227.32 Sq. Kms, 44447.20 Sq. Kms are with China including 8000 Sq. Kms of Shakshum that ceded in 1963.” This, in fact, is the present geographical and political position of the Jammu and Kashmir state at present. The author wants this background to be kept in mind by every reader before he tries to understand the genesis of the Kashmir Imbroglio as it stands today.
After having given the geographical and historical background in good detail in the first chapter, the book moves on to the crux of its subject matter i.e. Resistance Struggles. Kashmiris before being sold lock, stock and barrel to Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu on 16-03-1846 by the most infamous treaty of Amritsar, had experienced two very cruel terms of alien rule. From 1752-1819 AD, a period of sixty seven years of Afghan rule and from 1819 to 1846 AD twenty seven years of Sikh Rule. During both the periods inhuman ways of exploitation, levying of heavy taxes, forced labour, degrading ways of governance, contemptuous disregard to human dignity, callous indifference to basic human rights have been the main characteristics. Histories are full of such harrowing tales. One can’t afford to give a detail account of such atrocious measures in a book review. Reading the book itself together with other reference sources can present the true picture. One mechanism that Kashmiris are said to have learnt and adopted was either to invite powers other than their rulers with the expectation that their aspiration would be accommodated in the new set up or they would use the good offices of comparatively influential or closer— to— the— ruling class sections of the society to have their sufferings a little bit palliated. Still , on the whole, there were no stiff resistances shown during these periods of despotic rule periods beyond the clever manoeuvering on compromise and toleration.
With 16th March,1846, a new phase started in the history of Jammu and Kashmir State. On defeating the Sikhs, the British sold or in real sense gifted our State to Gulab Singh Dogra of Jammu as a reward to what some writers describe as his “treachery against the Sikhs.” It is on this occasion that the Treaty of Amritsar was signed. In fact, the real history of resistance of the State against violence and repression started from this period. Gulab Singh being an upstart went much beyond his predecessors in all acts of unjust taxation, extortion and mis-governance. “ He had taxed heavily it is true, but he sucked the life blood of the people. They(his predecessors) had laid violent hands on a large proportion of the fruits of the earth, the profits of the loom, on the work of men’s hands. But he skinned the very flints to fill his coffers,” quotes the book from our living historian Dr. Abdul Ahad’s, Kashmir Rediscovered. Books like : Valley of Kashmir by Lawrence, Kashmir Misgovernment by Robert Thorp(edited by Fida Muhammad Hasnaian) and scores others are full of spine-chilling tales of extortion and inhuman repression, but the lines quoted above present the quintessential cognition of what was the general state of affairs throughout the reign of hereditary Dogra rule of 106 years.
Mr. Farman Ali Rao has taken due care to refer to the historians who have picked up the threads of Kashmir resistance during this period of new developments of hapless future dispensation. Though the period around 1846 AD was still the period of dark, uneducated and un-enlightened Kashmiri society, but still their vast experience of abject slavery and servitude of centuries had made them conscious of the wider damaging implications of the new arrangements for future. They knew what troubles would be ahead for them. Understanding the “ crucial and ‘ubiquitous’ factor in Kashmir history which was bound to deprive them of their control on the means of production and livelihood, and subject them to the new forces of coercion and extortions,” they rose in unison under the leadership of Imam-ud-Din. The agitating mob comprised manufacturers, merchants, hill chiefs and so on. The agitation could not be quelled till the British armed intervention. Such protests, agitations, strong affirmations and assertions against the cruel policies and merciless governance of the Dogra regime continued all along the period of 106 years. As a result of such uprisings (big and small) the Kashmiri society did definitely, on occasions succeed in getting smaller concessions here and there but overall the resentment, anger and discontent kept on simmering in them resulting in the volcanic eruptions especially on two occasions till the fateful year of 1931.
In April 1865(29th of the month), Shawl workers from all corners of the city of Srinagar, taking the lead, agitated against the atrocities meted out to them day in and day out. Workers in procession raising slogans marched to Zaldagar, Srinagar. They burnt the effigy of “ Daroga” of Shawl department-Raj Kak Dhar, who had not only been instrumental but was personally involved as a Shawl contractor for sucking the blood of Shawl-bafs . The Dogra forces crushed the uprising by charging with guns and spears. Hundreds suffered minor and major injuries and so many drowned and on record 28 dead bodies were returned to the people by the army. Till now many people had been martyred in cold blood stealthily but this time the resistance leaders were killed, jailed and fined openly and with impunity.Names of Robert Thorp, Sheikh Rasool, Abli Baba, Quda Lala, Sana Shah and others shall ever be remembered and revered in this regard among the first martyrs of Jammu and Kashmir Resistance Struggles against the illegal occupation and unwarranted repression. Time went on changing. After Gulab Singh, Ranbir Singh abd after him Pratap Singh succeeded to the throne of Kashmir in 1885. By now a fresh awakening was growing up all around. Various organisations and Anjumans had started coming up in consequence to the outside influences. English Mission Hospitals and Mission Schools, as well, played a part. Western political concepts travelled fast in the sub-Continent and the State also had a share of this general awakening. In this background, a large number of workers working in Srinagar silk factory on four and a half annas per head per day wages made a petition for enhancement of wages as the factory had shown a phenomenal growth of 25 lakh rupees per year. The petition was turned down. As a result workers decided to observe a strike. A good number of labourer leaders were arrested. This added fuel to the fire. The government was compelled to raise the wages even though the hike was nominal. What is of more importance is that this labourer unrest became “epoch-making” in the sense that it turned into a collective social action by gaining supporters from all walks of life. It was now 1924, “the silk factory strike, thus, brought the conditions of the Kashmiri Muslims into focus.” The lava of anger against atrocities that had simmered in the choked psyche of Kashmiris, especially Muslims started bursting out in the form of different types of political activities which in turn “ became the core of their political thinking and social action henceforth.” A stage for 1931 had now been properly set.
The earlier years of the thirties of the 20th century marks the beginning of modern Kashmir. The Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir, for genuine reasons of having suffered for hundreds of years at the hands of imposed aliens and also for influences or fast changing social and political scenario at the international and local level, were developing a growing concern to start organised struggle against the present autocratic rule.
It was in this backdrop that a political organisation : All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference was formed on 21st June 1931. Only after 21 days i.e. 13th July 1931, Police firing on agitating procession inside the Central Jail took toll of more than two dozen souls and the day is now remembered as the State Martyr’s Day. This event unleashed terror all round. All sections of people including women protested and a list of women martyrs was added to the resistance history of the State. The Muslim Conference broke into two groups; National Conference was born out of it. Freedom movement was moving ahead very fast side by side with the freedom struggle of the sub-continent. After the World War II, Britain planned to leave the sub-continent acceding to the demand of dividing British India into the dominions—India and Pakistan. The Princely States were given the option to either accede to India or Pakistan. 562 out of 565 merged to either of the two Dominions before 14th and 15th August 1947 (Respective dates of formation of Pakistan and India). The Dogra ruler of Kashmir wished to be Independent and sign a Standstill agreement. He delayed the process till mid October, 1947. Situation went murky in October 1947 and the State fell apart to the Control of the newly born Dominions of India and Pakistan. Both countries have been accusing and counter accusing each other for the conditions existing all these years till date. Over this period of 70 years the two countries have grown to the stubborn stands of “Integral Part” and “Jugular Vein” with complete disregard to the aspirations of victim Kashmiris.
The book gives even the minutest details of the Kashmir issue. Raids of the tribesmen, Maharaj’s seeking help from India, signing the Instrument of Accession, Indian Army landing in Kashmir, India’s taking the Issue to the United Nations, India’s commitments of deciding the Issue by Plebiscite, The U.N. Resolutions, Article 370 of Indian Constitution, formation of State Constituent Assembly, Delhi Agreement, Dixon Plan, Ousting of Shaikh Muhammad Abdullah, Indo-Pak Wars, Tashkant Agreement, Simla Agreement, Indira -Abdullah Accord, Lahore Declaration, Agra Summit, Musharraf’s 4-point formula so on and so forth. In this sense the book is of great value to the common reader, as well as to a serious reader who is interested to know and investigate any further dimensions of the Kashmir Issue. People are quite often talking of the U.N Resolutions on Kashmir, or even of Article 370 and the Special Status of Kashmir, or even about various bilateral Agreement and other historical documents but quite possibly most of them have never had any access to peruse these documents. The author has done a good job to compile these in Appendices of the Book. A good service indeed. The whole material is available at hand.
Basically, as the book is intended to describe the armed struggles in Kashmir, the author, while giving the general narrative of the genesis of the problem does not lose sight of the intended goal of the title. Right from 1948 when Jammu and Kashmir Police claimed to have recovered some ammunition, crude bombs, hand grenades and tin boxes of fuses on to the Home Front, Kashmiris had started challenging the validity of the instrument of accession. Yes, the said challenge goes on unabated till date. However, the manifestations have been both peaceful and violent, unarmed and armed. Activities subversive in nature undertaken by Bagh Ali’s group and Mohib Ullah’s group of activities find a mention in the book. In 1960 Aman Ullah Khan and others formed a Committee to support Kashmir resistance movement and Kashmir Liberation League was formed by K. H Khurshid. Students and Youth League, Operation Gibralter(Infiltration into Kashmir), National Liberation Front(Maqbool Bhat), United Freedom Front, Muttahida Mahaz-e-Azadi, several underground cells, Red Kashmir, Youngmen’s League, Quami Azad-e- Mahaz, Student’s Revolutionary Council, Al- Fatah , Popular Front, Liberation Front(not JKLF), People’s League, Student’s Islamic Organisation, Islami Jamait-e-Talaba and so on, find a detailed mention in the book together with their activities.
The author takes the reader on to the next chapter of the Armed Revolt in Kashmir( 1988 onwards). After the abortive fall back of Operation Gibraltar, Kashmir freedom lovers were knocked senseless but temporarily. The spark of liberating Kashmir had still not extinguished in their hearts. In 1980’s, they started exploring the chances of stirring up the wounded ego of Pakistan so that to garner support for another operation. Activities went on in secret. Operation Topac started to support Kashmir resistance. All groups upper ground and underground made it a point to recruit their brigades for the ensued expedition. “ Pindi Chalo” became the catchword. Preparation went on at full swing till mid 1989. A full- fledged armed revolt started and entire Kashmir became a battlefield. India was taken aback initially. It took her some time to regain the balance. Firings, crackdowns, night raids, drubbing, strikes, hartals, killings, disappearances, kidnappings, rapes, imprisonments, clamping of curfews, AFSPA, PSAs, and other types of War Crimes were rampant everywhere. It is recorded that 134 militant groups were active in 1990-1991. The book under review narrates the fast moving events like infighting in militant groups creation of Pro-India Ikhwan, giving up arms and adopting the democratic ways of resolving the Issue, upper ground separatists talking to Indian Government for restoration of Peace, Public uprisings of 2008, 2010, 2016 etc.
The entire book, no doubt describes the history of the Resistance Movement in Kashmir with all its bloody manifestations but beneath the surface lies the undercurrent of great craving for peaceful solution of the problem for the overall benefit of the two contending countries in general and for the common public of the sub-continent in particular, especially for Kashmiris.
Before concluding this review, it is quite in place to mention that there are many loose ends here and there in the book with regard to its linguistic and semantic structures. A little more care, on the part of the author, could have made it up to the mark. It is expected that care is taken to make up these deficiencies in the next edition.
( Prof. Abdul Gani Mir is a retired Degree College Principal, feedback at email@example.com
The last date for submission of the Online/Hard copy of application form(s) in IUST, Awantipora for various posts published vide advertisement Notice No. 05 of 2017 dated: 05-05-2017 has been extended upto 7th of June 2017.
Kashmir University examinations scheduled to be held on 31-05-2017 shall be conducted as per schedule except BG 3rd semester and B. Ed examinations which are postponed due to logistic reasons.
The date of completion of Admission formalities for All the selected candidates in Kashmir University for different courses has been extended upto 1.00 p.m. on 3 rd of June 2017. The candidates have been directed to submit all the relevant documents including fee receipts and certificates (both original and self attested Photostat copies) in the concerned departments upto the said day and time. The provisionally selected candidates failing to complete the admission formalities upto 3rd day of June, 2017 shall forfeit his/her right to admission and the resultant vacancy (ies), if any, shall be filled up from among the waiting list which shall tentatively be issued on 6th of June 2017, followed by Counselling from 10th June 2017 against vacant seats wherever available.
Drug addiction, a chronic brain disease often leads people who are with drugs to use it more and more, despite of knowing it that it will damage their brain system and won’t let a person to work in a conscious manner.There are people who don't understand why or how other people become addicted to drugs. They may mistakenly think that those who use drugs lack moral principles or willpower and those they could stop their drug use simply by choosing to stop it. But In reality, drug addiction is a complex disease, and quitting usually takes more than good intentions or a strong will. Drugs change the brain in ways that make cuitting hard, even for those who want to. Their brain is who they are. It’s what allows them to think, breathe, move, speak, and feel. It’s just 3 pounds of gray-and-white matter that rests in our skull, and it is your own personal “mission control.” which deals with everything we do in our daily life when drugs enter the brain, they interfere with its normal processing and can eventually lead to changes in how well it works. Over time, drug use can lead to addiction, a devastating brain disease in which people can’t stop using drugs even when they really want to and even after it causes terrible consequences to their health and other parts of their lives.
WHAT DOES IT LITERALLY MEAN?
It is a type of disease often leads people to lose their control on their daily life, and in its lust they try to do it repeated times which led a person to brain changes that challenge an addicted person’s self-control and interfere with their ability to resist intense urges to take drugs. These brain changes can be persistent, which is why drug addiction is considered a "relapsing" disease, people in recovery from drug use disorders are at increased risk for returning to drug use even after years of not taking the drug.
HOW BRAIN WORKS, AFTER A USE OF DRUGS?
Whether a person does it or not but everybody has a consciousness about it that it ultimately leads a person to death, but most of the drugs affect the brain's reward circuit by flooding it with the chemical messenger dopamine. This reward system controls the body's ability to feel pleasure and motivates a person to repeat behaviors needed to thrive, such as eating and spending time with loved ones. This overstimulation of the reward circuit causes the intensely pleasurable high that can lead people to take a drug again and again. As a person continues to use drugs, the brain adjusts to the excess dopamine by making less of it and/or reducing the ability of cells in the reward circuit to respond to it. This reduces the high that the person feels compared to the high they felt when first taking the drug—an effect known as tolerance. They might take more of the drug, trying to achieve the same dopamine high. It can also cause them to get less pleasure from other things they once enjoyed, like food or social activities. Long term use of drugs also causes changes in other brain chemical systems and circuits as well, affecting functions that includes, Learning: a person won’t be able to learn anything normally like normal people do.
Judgment: won’t be able to judge even if a person wants to.
Decision-making: becomes very hectic for them to take any decision no matter how simple it is.
Stress: one of the common symptoms, frustrated mind
Memory: a person forgets basic things, which probably are very easier for normal people.
Behavior: people can make out from far only that person behavior has been changed.
WHAT MAKES SOME PEOPLE TO GET INTO IT AND WHAT LEADS SOME TO BE FAR FROM IT?
There are number of reasons of getting attached with drugs, except from stress and mental trauma and environment structure there are other reasons too such as, Heredity, Genes with which a person is born with account for about half of a person's risk for addiction. Gender, ethnicity, and the presence of other mental disorders may also influence risk for drug use and addiction.
Environment. One of the most observed reason, a person’s environment includes many different influences, from family and friends to economic status and general quality of life. Factors such as peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse, early exposure to drugs, stress, and parental guidance can greatly affect a person’s likelihood of drug use and addiction.
Surroundings: Genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a person’s life to affect addiction risk. Although taking drugs at any age can lead to addiction, the earlier that drug use begins, the more likely it will progress to addiction. This is particularly problematic for teens. Because areas in their brains that control decision-making, judgment, and self-control are still developing, teens may be especially prone to risky behaviors, including trying drugs.
CAN IT BE REMOVED FROM ONES LIFE?
As everyone knows today’s world is full of technologies and is growing with it day by day, it could have been an incurable disease before but now it’s not. Millions of people have come to their normal life from drugs. However, addiction is treatable and can be successfully managed. People who are recovering from an addiction will be at risk for relapse for years and possibly for their whole lives. Research shows that combining addiction treatment medicines with behavioral
therapy ensures the best chance of success for most patients. Treatment approaches tailored to each patient’s drug use patterns and any co-occurring medical, mental, and social problems can lead to continued recovery. Now everyone is aware of it that it leads a person for harm consequences, Although personal events and cultural factors affect drug use trends, when young people view drug use as harmful, they tend to decrease their drug taking. Therefore, education and outreach are key in helping people understand the possible risks of drug use. Teachers, parents, and health care providers have crucial roles in educating young people and preventing drug use and addiction. When we talk about the people who are with drugs “The Kashmiriyat” during its visit to different spots of it and analysis its inner meaning and cause. Where ever we look we find every type of people around us, Kashmiriyat during its research on couple of the places of south Kashmir has found out that, scores of people from south Kashmir and particularly from district Islamabad who have been taken out from the trauma by rehabilitation centers of the valley.
Achabal village of district Anantnag: poppy straw 14.500kgm, charas 5kgm, fuki 97kgs, brown sugar 22 packets, corex 10 bottles with 960 sedative tablets, codeine 28 bottles, charas powder 1.650 kgs. Mattan village of district Anantnag: charas powder 1.650kgm, charas 500kgm, Bhung powder 900 kgm. District Islamabad: fuki 4.500kgm, liquor 24 bottles, 72 spasmo proxivan capsules, 2400 tablets, rexcof 18 bottles with 72 sedative strips, corex 10 bottles, Bang bosa 5kg 600gms , coedine 19 bottles with 721 sedative tablets, corex 10 bottles, spasmoproxavan 136 tablets, corex 08 bottles. Kokernag village of district Islamabad: 41 bottles of liquor, acres of land with Bhung destructed.
In this regard the Jammu kashmir police of district Islamabad has already set up a rehabilitation center for the those people who have been with drugs from decades and wants to come back to their normal life, when visited the spot, average number of the people inside was youth in their early teen age. Rehabilitation center of district Islamabad senior Psychotherapist Dr Mudasira, while talking to The Kashmiriyat said, she treats people who are with drugs their as a senior psychotherapist, and her message to all the people who are directly or indirectly inter linked with it, that drug is a silent killer which blindly kills a person from inside, while briefing about the usage of drugs she said Life is not easy the strong survive of life is mental strength , It’s not just about physical strength always ; it is more about mental strength. Later while assembling together with drug seekers who are under treatment inside the rehab center.
Two boys (name with held) as they found it bit embarrassing to display their names. They were with drugs from last 14 years and other one from 5 years, which use to cause to lack a moral power and kind of to be separate from the community, not only this there were a lot of problems like memory loss, frustration all the time, no satisfaction about anything they do, but now after they started getting treatments from Rehabilitations from past fifteen days they feel much better as compared to past life they use to live. One of the boy inside rehabilitation while sharing his personal experience with The Kashmiriyat said, "during drugs once when he was drunk and coming back from a drug party towards his home he heard some whispers from his own clan whispering about his behavior and drugs which led him to realize that whatever he is doing is wrong from every aspect we see and won't even get a respect from younger around, since that movement of life he said, had a promise with himself that he won't touch it again" as it leads him always to lose his self esteem.
Both the boys enthusiastically while ending up their conversations with “The Kashmiriyat” proudly gave a message to people around who are with drugs and said, “Our message to all the people who are with drugs is that, whatever they do they think it’s right and probably enjoys it but at the end of the day they are harming themselves, we shared personal experiences to you how we were ashamed of it. People who are not able to cope up with their personals problems faced by drugs, on behalf of every one we two as a present example request all of them do visit rehabilitation centers around them which ever corner live they live. They can proudly build up their new profile of life and live their rest of the life in natural peace and harmony.
Umar Khursheed freelance writer and a journalism graduate. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org